Les risques psychosociaux en Europe
Les risques psychosociaux au travail sont désormais l'objet de l'attention du législateur au sein des pays de l'Union européenne, mais à des degrés divers. Certains pays ont adapté des législations depuis un certain nombre d'années, d'autres ne s'y sont attelés que récemment. La portée et le recul sur ces textes sont aussi différents. le rôle du juge est ici essentiel. Cet ouvrage propose ainsi d'étudier les risques psychosociaux au prisme de la jurisprudence.
On a souvent parlé du harcèlement sexuel dans la vie professionnelle en oubliant qu'il n'était qu'une forme de violence parmi d'autres. Ce livre - best-seller en Allemagne et dans les pays nordiques - révèle l'étendue d'un fléau bien plus vaste. De nombreux salariés sont, sans raison valable, victimes de leurs collègues, de leurs supérieurs hiérarchiques, parfois même de leurs subordonnés coalisés contre eux : on les harcèle, on les met en quarantaine, on les humilie, on tente de les briser par tous les moyens. On estime, en France, à un million environ le nombre de personnes soumises, au mobbing. Les conséquences pour la victime sont très graves (effondrement psychologique, perte de son emploi et de sa crédibilité, parfois suicide), mais le prix que paye la société est également énorme, puisqu'une seule victime suédoise, finalement réduite à l'invalidité, aura coûté plus de 3 500 000 francs ! Comment identifier le mobbing ? Comment le combattre ? Quels sont les recours dont dispose le salarié ? En répondant à ces questions, H. Leymann en appelle à la constitution concrète d'une véritable éthique professionnelle.
Crime Policy in Europe
This publication contains a number of papers which highlight examples of good practice in relation to criminal policy in member states of the Council of Europe, set out under the headlines of: crime prevention, mediation and other community sanctions, the prison system, and criminal procedure. Many of the papers are written by members of the Criminological Scientific Council of the Council of Europe (CSC).
Social Determinants of Health
Poorer people live shorter lives and suffer higher levels of ill health than the more affluent in society, and this disparity highlights the sensitivity of human health to socio-economic factors. This booklet examines this social gradient in health and explains how psychological and social influences affect physical health and longevity. It also considers the role of public policy in promoting a social environment that is more conducive to better health. Topics discussed include: stress, early childhood health, social exclusion, work, unemployment and job insecurity, social support networks, the effects of alcohol and other drug addictions, food and nutrition, and healthier transport systems.
Research on work related stress
Stress at work is a priority issue of the European Agency of Safety and Health at Work. The report addresses the following issues and questions: the nature of stress at work; stress management strategies; does work stress affect health and well-being and, if so, how?; the implications of existing research for the management of work-related stress. This report examines the difficulties involved in placing work stress in the context of other life stress factors. It is stated that work stress is a current and future health and safety issue, and, as such, should be dealt with in the same logical and systematic way as other health and safety issues.
Ethics and drug addiction / Patrick Sansoy -- Questions raised by drug use: responses of our society / Claire Ambroselli -- Information processing and data confidentiality / René Padieu -- Drug prevention and education / Richard Ives -- Intensive care in countries with weak economies / Oto Masar -- Compulsory treatment: the Russian Federation's approach / Irina P. Anokhina, in co-operation with V.E. Pelipas and M.G. Tsetlin -- Compulsory treatment: the Swedish approach / Elisabet Svedberg -- Compulsory admission to care: the obligation to undergo treatment as an alternative to imprisonment / A. Lourenço Martins -- Drug testing in the workplace / Tom Mellish -- Access to treatment for young users of psychoactive substances / Olivier Simon, Renaud Stachel and Bruno Gravier -- Caring for pregnant women or mothers using drugs / Paolo Stocco --The Council of Europe and drug addiction / Angel Ruiz de Valbuena -- Appendices.
Gender and Refugee Status
This is the first comprehensive socio-legal study of the interrelation between gender and the law of refugee status. In the past decade, the issue has received increasing attention in academic writing, the media and the courtroom. This book contains an interdisciplinary analysis. The empirical data, collected for this study and not published previously, concerns Dutch asylum practice. The Netherlands is a prominent refugee-receiving country in Europe, yet hardly any English texts address Dutch refugee law. The book also covers foreign case law and academic writing. Therefore, the analysis is relevant for all refugee-receiving countries in the Western world; the empirical data on The Netherlands functions as a case study. The book combines perspectives of post-structuralist feminism and post-colonial studies. Refugee women are constructed as a double other. This intersectionality is related to the construction of the Third World as feminine (passive, in need of active outside intervention etc., etc.). The book provides a comprehensive overview of academic writing and of case law on the subject. On this basis of theoretical perspectives that were almost ignored until now, it develops an innovative critique of refugee law discourse and outlines its possible consequences for legal doctrine.
Making Research Work
Making Research Work demonstrates how research can be fostered and applied more effectively to child care policy and practice. Drawing on a wealth of experience, current literature and government documents, the contributors present a comprehensive discussion of key contemporary issues relating to child care research. Recommendations are given for recognising and responding to both the fundamental and the specialist issues that challenge the various stages of the research process. Practical guidelines are given for * undertaking single-case design research * appraising current child care literature and official statistics * accessing hidden or hard-to-reach populations * dissemination * establishing a research centre * preparing a research proposal to submit to a funding body * commissioning and funding research This book s practical approach and unique focus will appeal to practitioners, researchers, policy makers and students seeking to understand and enhance the relationship of research to policy and practice in the child care context.
Violence Reduction in Schools how to Make a Difference
Most schools are safe places for children but that does not mean that members of a school community live and learn together in harmony at all time. Violence towards children can take place in a variety of forms, including physical and verbal abuse and bullying. This is a practical handbook for schools to use when training staff in techniques for reducing violence. In particular, it addresses two issues: how to establish and maintain a learning environment where violence is not tolerated and how to respond to violence when it occurs so that this environment is protected. Each chapter covers a critical area for school policy, describes the issues, and proposes activities designed to be combined into a training programme to meet the specific needs of a group of staff. This includes teachers and the growing number of support staff in European schools. School leaders, administrators and educationalists should find this guide a useful addition to the resources for reducing violence in schools available in their own country.